文章摘要
引用本文:惠宏超,何江涛,魏东辰,严小军,张福礼.基于模糊控制的浮子快速静平衡与系统研制[J].导航与控制,2019,(5):51-59 本文二维码信息
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基于模糊控制的浮子快速静平衡与系统研制
Fast Static Balance and System Development of Float Based on Fuzzy Control
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  模糊控制  快速静平衡  浮子  机器视觉  智能控制
English Keywords:fuzzy control  fast static balance  float  computer vision  intelligent control
基金项目:装备预研航天科技联合基金(编号:6141B061402)
作者单位
惠宏超 国防科技工业超精密机械加工技术创新中心北京 100039北京航天控制仪器研究所北京 100039 
何江涛 国防科技工业超精密机械加工技术创新中心北京 100039北京航天控制仪器研究所北京 100039 
魏东辰 国防科技工业超精密机械加工技术创新中心北京 100039北京航天控制仪器研究所北京 100039 
严小军 国防科技工业超精密机械加工技术创新中心北京 100039北京航天控制仪器研究所北京 100039 
张福礼 国防科技工业超精密机械加工技术创新中心北京 100039北京航天控制仪器研究所北京 100039 
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中文摘要:
      针对三浮陀螺浮子在研制过程中的静不平衡问题,为提高浮子组件的静平衡精度和效率,提出了浮子轴向和径向静平衡的新方法。基于浮子静平衡原理,在常温粗平衡时,采用力矩平衡原理,可快速实现浮子轴向平衡。在常温精平衡时,首次引入智能控制领域的模糊控制(Fuzzy Control)算法,充分利用专家经验,实现浮子径向平衡。基于该方法,研制了一台陀螺浮子静平衡检测设备。通过正式浮子测试,本方法和设备已经成功实现了三种型号浮子组件的静平衡,平衡精度小于0.01μN·m,平衡效率提高了50%,且设备已获得实际的工程应用。
English Summary:
      In order to improve the precision and efficiency for static balance of float components, a new method for axial and radial static balance of float is proposed for the static unbalance problem of three-floated gyroscope in the process of manufacture. Based on the principle of float static balance, the moment balance is used to realize the float axial balance rapidly during the time of normal temperature rough balance. The fuzzy control algorithm in the field of intelligent control is introduced firstly to realize the float radial balance during the time of normal temperature fine balance, and the algorithm fully using the experience of experts. Based on the above methods, a set of the gyroscope float static balance testing equipment is developed. Through the formal float test, three types of float components have been successfully realized static balance by this method and equipment. The balancing precision of equipment is less than 0.01μN·m, the balance efficiency of equipment has been increased by 50%, and the equipment has been applied in the actual engineering.
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